Chicken pox, caused by Varicella Zoster Virus, is highly contagious and the virus is transmitted from one person to another through cough, sneeze, touch or even breath. The infants get antibodies against the virus from mother so the disease is uncommon in babies below one year.
Chicken Pox in Babies – Symptoms of the Disease
Chicken pox affects children in their younger age. It takes 14-21 days to appear the symptoms of chicken pox in babies. Pox which are red, tiny, itchy bumps are the evident signs of the disease. When there are rashes in the genital area and eyes, it can be very irritating. The baby will feel tired and will have fever along with general malaise. There will also be a loss of appetite. Before the appearance of the rash, there may be mild cough as well as running nose. The chicken pox virus can be easily transmitted from one person to another. Chicken pox in babies may also lead to complications. It is important to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Chicken Pox Treatment – the Healing Measures
There are many treatments that can provide relief to the child. Chicken pox treatment can be done at home. Baths of cold water should be given every three to four hours. Adding of baking soda to the water helps to reduce the itching. Fingernails should be trimmed as scratching can spread the infection. Hands can be covered with mitten. Aspirin should not be given to the child. There can be blisters in the mouth which can make eating and drinking very painful. Chicken pox treatment includes consumption of enough fluids for the prevention of dehydration. For the relief of pain, cold fluids, ice-cream and food items, which are soft and bland, should be consumed. Spicy, hot as well as acidic food should be avoided.
Chicken Pox Vaccination – Prevents the Disease
Children can be protected from chicken pox by giving vaccination. Varicella vaccine is a live and safe vaccine which is marketed by Varivax and Zostavax. You can also go for routine vaccination. This reduces the incidence of chickenpox. Children who are vaccinated may have a fever and a rash. The vaccine is administered in the area of the fatty tissue. You can give two doses of vaccine. The first dose is given at 12-15 months and the second one is given at 4-6 years of age. There are no serious side effects of the vaccine but in rare cases, there may be severe reactions like seizures and pneumonia. The chicken pox vaccination is seen to be 70-90% effective in preventing chicken pox.