Children with autism can be identified through their early manifestation of exceedingly impaired skills for social interaction which could be observed by their varying degrees of enduring difficulties on both their verbal and nonverbal communication skills. Atypical behavioral patterns like repetitive and unusual activities tend to become evident.
Early Signs of Autism – Common Symptoms to Consider
Some of the very early symptoms manifested by children with autism are their incapability to coo or babble, and gesture on their first year, and their difficulty to string a couple of words on the second year. Other early signs of autism revolve around their impaired skills to interact with other people as revealed by their preference to be left alone, resistance to cuddling, emotionless expression, and many more.Aside from that, children with early signs of autism also tend to exhibit poor communication skills as indicated by his or her inability to keep a conversation, mimicry of words, difficulty to express needs and wants, and spoken language delay. Unusual habits like odd playing, ritualistic behavior, limited interests, compulsive behavior, resistance to change, preoccupation, repetitious body movements, and excessive interest with certain objects may also be observed.
Signs of Autism in Infants – Early Warning Signs
One of the telltale signs of autism in infants is their inability to react immediately to a stimulating environment like loud noises, rapid movements, and rapid changes of light. Infant’s failure to get disturbed caused by hunger and other external factors can also be a warning.Other signs of autism in infants include behaviors that show unawareness of the presence of caretakers during their second month. Usually, this can be identified when the familiar adult smiles or makes a cooing noise and still fails to get a reaction from the baby as expressed by his or her eye contact or changes in the facial expression. Several body movements are also not performed like head-raising by their second or third month. Finally, functional problems like being unable to get scared or soothed by other’s presence may also be apparent.
Treatment for Autism – Remedial Strategies
Autism can generally be treated through occupational and physical therapies. Occupational therapy as a treatment for autism aims to improve the independent function of the patient by teaching basic skills, while physical therapy is focused on the use of exercise and other physical evaluative techniques so that patients gain control over their body movements. Other treatment procedures include behavior modification and communication therapy. The latter incorporates activities that are highly structured and skill-oriented for functioning purposes. Technique types may include sensory integration and play therapies, as well as social theories. The former, on the other hand, is meant to develop the patient’s communication disabilities like speech therapy, and picture exchange communication systems. Dietary modification methods are essential too, in altering several behavioral problems through diet changes.