Contaminated water, poor sanitation and infected milk can result in typhoid fever. Usual symptoms include rise and fall of temperature in different times of the day, abdominal pain and discomfort. With timely and appropriate treatment, typhoid symptoms can be brought under control.
Typhoid Fever Symptoms – Infectious, Strong and Varied
A typical typhoid fever is characterized by typical course of temperature and bowel ulceration. While the fever is of uncertain duration, it is infectious. Typhoid fever symptoms include a feeling of weakness and tiredness. The patient may have headache, backache, constipation, diarrhea and appetite loss. There could be temperature rises that remains high for 10 to 14 days. Temperature rises can also occur in the evening and dip in the morning. Typhoid fever symptoms also include skin eruptions, dry and coated tongue especially in the central region with white patches, oily taste in mouth and bone inflammation. The patient may also experience abdominal pain and generalized aches, lethargy, intestinal bleeding during advanced stages and even constipation. Fever is expected to come down at the end of fourth week.
Typhoid Treatment – Medications and Home Remedies
This kind of fever is treated with antibiotics that help to kill the Salmonella bacteria. With the right kind of antibiotic therapy, improvement in condition is usually noticed in one or two days and recovery in a week. Many antibiotics are considered a part of typhoid treatment and Chloramphenicol is one of the popular drugs. The choice of antibiotic depends upon the geographic region where the organism was acquired and culture results. Ciprofloxacin, Ampicillin and Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxale are other popular drugs. Bed rest is essential for treating typhoid. A liquid diet of barley, orange juice and milk are essential. Applying cold compress to head whenever temperature rises is necessary to bring it down. Fresh fruits and easily digestible foods work well as an intrinsic part of typhoid treatment.
Typhoid Vaccination – Types and Applicability
There are two vaccines to prevent typhoid. While one is an inactivated vaccine taken as a shot, the other is live, attenuated vaccine taken orally. Although typhoid vaccination is not advised in the United States, it is recommended when people travel to other parts of the world where typhoid is common or when people are in contact with a typhoid carrier or for laboratory workers who work with Salmonella typhi bacteria. The vaccine shot should not be administered to children younger than two years of age. A booster dose for adults is given every 2 years whenever there is a reason making them prone to risk. Oral vaccination is not administered for children less than 6 years of age. Booster dose can be given every five years.