Hay fever also referred to as allergic rhinitis is one of the most commonly occurring allergies. Hay fever treatment includes natural remedies, medicines, and injections to alleviate the symptoms. It does not always require medical attention, and can be prevented by avoiding suspected allergens.
Hay Fever Treatment – Medicines to Control Symptoms
Hay fever is an allergic reaction triggered by allergens like pollen or mold, and results in itchy puffy eyes and stuffy nose. Hay fever treatment includes self care at home, medications, and injections if required. Gargle with warm salt water to soothe sore throat. Antihistamines can be used to treat symptoms of hay fever like itchy eyes, running nose, and sneezing. A combination of antihistamines and decongestants is also a good hay fever treatment option as it can provide relief from most symptoms. Other hay fever treatment medications include corticosteroids and leukotrine inhibitors. Corticosteroid nasal sprays help reduce nasal congestion and swelling and can be taken upon prescription. Leukotrine inhibitors help in reducing inflammation and are available in tablet and granule forms.
Hay Fever Injection – For Long Term Relief
Based on the severity of symptoms, the physician will recommend hay fever injection to provide relief. The commonly used injection is ‘Kenalog’ which is administered intramuscularly. The injections are prescribed for patients only if natural remedies or medications do not work. One injection can be effective in controlling hay fever for upto 3 months. It contains steroids and should be used with caution, and administration of injection should be avoided if the person is suffering from heart, kidney, or liver diseases, ulcers, and diabetes. Some of the side effects of hay fever injection include reduced immunity, high blood pressure, and muscle weakness. The patients are continuously monitored for other adverse side effects and the injections are rarely or never used for treating children or pregnant women.
Hay Fever Remedies – Self Care at Home
Most hay fever remedies use herbs and herbal extracts to treat the symptoms and provide relief. Extracts from butterbur is considered a natural treatment of hay fever allergies. It works in the same way as the medications. The compound quercetin, which is found occurring naturally in apples, berries, onions, and black tea, can be used to alleviate symptoms. Carotenoids found in carrots, pumpkins, and squashes and omega 3 fatty acids in walnuts, and fish liver oil are considered good for reducing inflammation. Taking a small amount of honey is said to help in boosting the body’s ability to fight the allergens. Many experts consider acupuncture an effective treatment method for hay fever. Using these natural remedies or medications can help provide symptomatic relief and hay fever seldom presents threatening conditions that require medical attention.