Sprain, a type of injury in the knee ligament, is caused due to excessive stretching and sports activities and due to this, the ligament may scratch partially or fully. If the sprain is minor, it can be treated at home.
Knee Sprain – Causes and Symptoms
Ligament, a group of tough tissue, holds bones in the knee together and it handles the function and stability of knee joints. Excess stretching and physical activities may lead to the damage of the ligament. Sprains are mainly divided into two, ankle and knee sprains. Severe pain, swelling, bruises and difficulty to move the knee joints are the symptoms of knee sprain. If it is not serious, you can treat it at home by taking rests, taking medicines and putting ice packs. You can also apply heat on the knee by dipping a piece of cloth in the warm water and rub the knee with it. If the ligament is damaged completely, a surgery is needed to repair it. In such cases, you need immediate medical care. Uncontrollable pain, excessive bleeding, immobility of the knee joint, absence of pulses in the feet, lack of sensation and paralysis are the symptoms of severe knee sprain.
Dislocated Knee – Treatment Options
Knee dislocation, a common phenomenon among athletes, happens due to the sliding out of patella in the knee, which is associated with uncontrollable pain and swelling. Sometimes, without any external force, dislocated knee reaches the proper position. The major causes for knee dislocations are severe trauma such as accidents, falls and other such injuries. Mostly, it happens between the age group of 16-20 because of the high sports activities. Gender, anatomical factors, family history, knee joint misalignment, etc., may also leads to the dislocation of knees. Surgery and rehabilitation are the two treatment options for this problem. Usually, the rehabilitation process takes six to sixteen weeks. You can select the appropriate treatment option by considering factors such as the intensity of the injuries, age, the physical activities you are engaged in, competition level and the time to resume the sports activity. Mostly, the doctors prefer surgery for correcting the dislocated knee. Rehabilitation helps to strengthen the muscles and reduces the chances of injuring the knee again.
Knee Cracking – Noises in the Joints
Noises in knees are the preliminary symptoms of knee cracking and it may occur due to the slight misalignment of patella. If the crack is painless, it may be due to the soft tissues in the joint. This problem persists for years, if unchecked. If there are noises along with pain in the joint, it may be because of the damage of articulating surfaces. If the crack is painless, it can be corrected by doing various conditioning exercises. Immediate medical care is needed for painful knee cracking. Though the exact cause of this is not known, it is assumed that it may be due to the formation of gas bubbles around the joint, ligaments and arthritis.