Increased pressure in the veins of the rectum or anus causes a painful condition called hemorrhoid. Their treatment depends on whether the swelling is inside or outside the rectum, or if they are caused by other diseases.
Treatment for Hemorrhoids – Drug Regimens
A number of drugs on the market can reduce swelling and ease discomfort from hemorrhoids. Nonprescription treatment for hemorrhoids has four main types of ingredients: local anesthetics, vasoconstrictors, astringents and protectants. Benzocaine, lidocaine and similar local anesthetics are for pain relief, while epinephrine base and ephedrine sulfate are kinds of vasoconstrictors that are designed to reduce swelling and itching. Astringents such as witch hazel, calamine and zinc oxide pull water out of the swollen tissue, helping to shrink hemorrhoids as a result. Like astringents, protectants including cocoa butter and mineral oil are also a kind of topical treatment for hemorrhoids. They prevent further irritation by soothing irritated tissues. In worse cases, surgery is performed to completely eliminate the condition.
Remedies for Hemorrhoids – Basic Solutions
In addition to medication, the discomfort brought about by hemorrhoids can be treated by changing certain habits. Wearing cotton undergarments and avoiding scented or colored toilet paper can ease anal itching. One of the remedies for hemorrhoids is a sitz bath, in which a person sits in warm water up to the hips for 10 to 15 minutes to help minimize straining and constipation. It is also important for hemorrhoid patients to keep the anal area clean with warm water and drying it with a hair dryer after bathing. Remedies for hemorrhoids may also be as simple as applying ice packs or cold compress in the affected region to address swelling.
Natural Hemorrhoid Treatment – Alternative Medicine
Increased fiber intake can provide relief from hemorrhoid-related bleeding and symptoms. Fiber in foods such as whole grains and vegetables or in the form of flaxseed supplements benefit patients by softening stool and reducing straining during bowel movements. A plant compound called bioflavonoids, meanwhile, work by decreasing inflammation as well as strengthening and stabilizing blood vessel walls. This in turn eases anal discharge, discomfort and pain. A natural hemorrhoid treatment called butcher’s broom contains a compound called ruscogen, which has anti-inflammatory and vein-constricting properties that can help shrink swollen tissue from pressured veins. The function of herb horse chestnut is similar to butcher’s broom.