Being a neural disorder, there are very limited options available for the diagnosis and treatment of autism. However, there are some behavioral treatment techniques, counseling methods, and medications that can help treat autistic patients by reviving their social and communication abilities.
Treatment for Autism – a Ray of Hope
Autism is a rare neurological development disorder, which is now becoming increasingly prevalent in most parts of the world. This has instigated the research community to develop new and definite methods of treatment for autism. Meanwhile, the exiting forms of treatment include the likes of behavioral management and personal interventions for the patient. Within these methods, therapies to improve communication, vocabulary, anger management, and speech therapy have been found to be most effective. Considering the fact that most of the patients are young kids, these methods require a lot of patience from the therapists and the parents. Medication and stem cell therapy are also being touted as some of the probable treatment for autism.
Therapy for Autism – Developing Social Skills
Amongst the many therapies suggested and used for treatment of autism, communication therapy and behavior management therapy have been found to be most effective. Because autism stunts the development of communication and social skills of a child, it is definitely the target in any therapy for autism. The applied behavior analysis is widely used to impart special skills to the child which helps them in dealing with different life situations. The idea is to help them come out of their shell and adopt a more confident approach. This particular therapy also involves the use of specially designed games and models to slowly introduce the child into a comfortable atmosphere. However, for any therapy for autism to be effective, it is important to start early from the age of 3 to 4. If the child is allowed to settle with the symptoms of autism then it would be nearly impossible to develop their social skills later on in life.
Autism Diagnosis – Identifying the Symptoms
Autism diagnosis can be a little difficult because there is no definite laboratory or scanning based techniques to test the patient. The diagnosis relies completely on close and careful observation of all the behavioral patterns projected by the child. The doctor normally consults with the parents of the child to understand the typical mannerisms of the child. This helps the doctor to demarcate the symptoms of autism with that of other neurological disorders. Additionally, the specialists also use some specially designed testing methods to define the psyche of the child. Some of the most popular methods include Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) and Autism Screening Questionnaire for children.