A throat infection is a very common condition, which is characterized by the inflammation of the throat. This painful ailment can be caused due to a number of reasons and it can be tackled effectively by following timely treatment.
Throat Infections – Caused by Microbial Action
It is seen that the action of microorganisms like bacteria, virus and fungi can cause infection in the throat. A strep throat is a one the common types of throat infections, which is caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes. This is a contagious condition, wherein the infection is transmitted through air and also through contact with infected people and surfaces. A physician will usually perform a swab test to diagnose the infection, following which antibiotic treatments are prescribed to the affected individuals. Along with taking the prescribed medications, one can also follow certain tried and tested remedies like eating crushed raw garlic, for quick cure of the ailment. Infection of the throat can also be caused by the action of the fungus Candida albicans. Fungal throat infections are usually seen in those who wear dentures. Having anti fungal medications and rinsing the mouth with a solution of hydrogen peroxide are the commonly prescribed remedies for this condition.
Throat Infection Symptoms – Varied Signs
A severe pain experienced in the region of the throat is one of the main throat infection symptoms. The pain can be of varying intensity, depending on the severity of infection and sometimes it may even spread to the ears. Owing to the pain, a person suffering from the infection will find it very difficult to swallow food and even talk. There will be formation of white patches in the mouth and the tonsils will turn red. Formation of swollen and tender lymph nodes at the sides of the neck is another of the evident throat infection symptoms. Fever, headache and body rashes are also seen to accompany the condition of infection of the throat. Children who are affected by this condition will exhibit abdominal pain and vomiting, in addition to the other common symptoms.
Viral Throat Infection – An Overview
The condition of an infectious throat can be caused due to the action of different types of viruses. Most of these cases are caused due to the action of Coxsackievirus, wherein one will experience severe throat pain along with soreness of the tongue, roof of the mouth, arms and legs. The affected individual will also experience a decreased appetite. Infection in the throat can also accompany many other viral diseases like measles, mononucleosis and common cold. The viral infection is generally transmitted through coughing, sneezing and improper hygiene habits. To get relief from viral throat infection, one can resort to have over the counter painkillers. Also, taking adequate rest, having warm liquids and gargling the throat with luke warm salt water is essential to tackle the infection in an effective manner.